I have seen the future, and it is right around the nano-corner.
BY WILLIAM JANHONEN, LEED-AP, NAHB-CGP
Reprinted from Green Living AZ magazine: Technology section
On July 20, 1969, President Kennedy’s forecast of men walking on the moon and safely returning to Earth came to pass. On that day in July, Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr., set foot on the moon, becoming instant poster boys for the advancement of American technology. That decade of invention introduced us to new wonders such as the audio cassette, halogen lamps, Astroturf, a handheld calculator, the very first artificial heart, the first video game, and ATMs. Yet if you told a person in 1969 that one day wireless communication would make it possible for every person in the world to communicate seamlessly, they would have laughed at you. I had the pleasure of speaking to one of the most fascinating men I have ever met–Justin Hall-Tipping is the CEO of Nanoholdings, a commercialization network of leading university scientists working in the fledgling field of nanotechnology. We met at his headquarters in Rowayton, CT, and sat in a conference room with a white board. Within the first ten minutes of sitting down together, we had filled the board with ideas and explanations about technology and future possibilities. When asked about the term “commercialization,” Justin commented, “Technology is a wonderful thing, but creating a breakthrough has to be tempered by being able to use that technology to help people, and that is derived by commercialization of the process.” And helping people is one of the main tenets of Nanoholdings, especially in the area of energy technologies. According to nanoholdings.com,
“The real potential of nanotechnologies is in the field of energy and our goal is to find ways to re-engineer at the nano-scale. We will be able to create energy technologies that are far cleaner, more efficient and therefore cheaper, than any of the fossil fuels or alternative energy technologies around today.”
Imagine being able to use any surface to absorb sunlight and convert the energy collected into electrons at the nanoscale. Your entire house, not just the windows, could become its own solar collector. Then, take the generated electrons and send them to a storage unit about the size of a refrigerator. For example, the average home is 2200 square feet and uses approximately 18-21Kwh per day. This storage device could hold weeks of energy at one time and distribute it back to your appliances and lighting as needed. And if you are storing excess energy and your neighbor is deficient in stored energy, you could transmit electrons wirelessly through a glyph or small patch on your window to your neighbor and receive energy. You could also sell excess power back to the grid or local provider. The power company’s infrastructure would become less relevant, and every home would become a stand-alone energy plant–no more power outages and no more fossil fuels. This process would revolutionize the generation, transmission, storage and conservation of energy as we know it. The amazing part is that most of what I have just described is already here and working in laboratories around the world through Nanoholdings… and energy is just the beginning.
Nanoholdings is using nanotechnology to take regular sand and create “supersand” by coating each granule with carbon to create a filtration medium that will remove not only bacterial contaminants, but also certain heavy metals like mercury from water. This advancement could mean an enormous step forward in preventing millions of deaths around the world that occur because of contaminated water. The practical solutions don’t stop there.
Let’s look at night-vision and the potential of decreasing the need for street lights which drain our energy resources and add CO2 to the environment. According to nanoholdings.com, “Nanoholdings is working on creating a medium using nanotechnology to develop flexible, thin films to replace existing night-vision technology. The films use several nanobased components to convert infrared light into visible light that we can see and understand. The first is a photo-detector film that converts invisible infrared light into electrons. These electrons then stimulate an optical film, like a thin flexible display, to create a visible image. The overall technology will be less than 1/2000th of a millimeter in thickness, more sensitive than conventional night-vision technologies, and will use just 1/40th of the energy.
“The films will be very flexible and lightweight and can be incorporated into standard glasses or even vehicle windscreens to create night-vision head-up displays. They will also cost a fraction of what it costs to produce conventional night-vision technology. The technology has exciting potential in all security applications. NIRVision technology should be ready for field testing by 2012.”
Justin went one step further, adding, “The visible spectrum we see is a small portion of the total light spectrum. From ultraviolet to infrared, our vision only sees a minute portion, but what if we could convert UV and infrared into visible light in a living setting? We could eliminate our normal methods of lighting by harvesting the “invisible” portions of the light spectrum at night and light our homes by converting the electrons into visible lighting. I would love to create a scenario in those countries where the basics of food, water and energy are far below the average and create a system of eBox energy conversion and storage providing low-cost heat and refrigeration along with a water filtration system to provide potable water while allowing healthier living.” Existing technologies, like carbon nano-tubes which are 1000 times more conductive than copper and harder than steel, supply some of the answers.
When you consider the challenges we face as the world population expands by an additional two billon people over the next 30 years, the answers may lie in developing these new technologies…in looking at life at the nano level. The advancements already made seem like answers looking for questions since so much can be accomplished. Is nanotechnology the next silicon chip? We can only hope that humanitarians like Justin Hall-Tipping and Nanoholdings with their team of scientists continue to think out of the box and create solutions before we run out of time.
Go to: http://www. ted.com/talks/browse to view Mr. Justin Hall-Tipping’s lecture describing nanotechnology at the TED conference in Edinburgh, Scotland, held July 2011.
Comment on this article at greenlivingaz.com
William Janhonen teaches green building at several colleges and universities in the Northeast.
living | January 2012 greenlivingaz.com
As an instructor for LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) I am asked at some point during every training session, “Where is Green building going?” As consumers we are bombarded daily by new green products, energy saving devices, government incentives and articles telling us how we simply must change our ways.
I can best answer the question by giving an analogy. One day in the mid-Sixties a person woke up one day and exclaimed, “Oh my God, cigarettes can kill you!” From that day forward our country has embarked on a campaign to reduce ETS or Environmental Tobacco Smoke. It began as areas in restaurants designated as NO SMOKING. It rapidly expanded to no smoking in public buildings, then to planes, trains and last year Mayor Blumberg announced that smoking would not be allowed in any New York City parks. We have accepted the ETS ban on smoking as a standard, as a mandatory given, to the extent nobody would think to spark one up in a public building. It only took about 45 years to get this far and not every state is on board.
Green building (by the way I dislike the term immensely and would prefer it be called common sense building, but that would be another article) in comparison to ETS is at the point of nearing no smoking in public buildings. We all know about sustainable building to differing degrees and have heard about solar power and passive solar heating and geothermal but may not understand it. Recycling has been either mandated or made an option to the majority of us. Building certifications by such groups as LEED, NAHB (National Association of Home Builders), Energy Star, Green Globe and as many as 90 other certifications vie for significance. The U.S. Green Building Council projects $60 Billion being spent on Green building in 2010 and approximately $240 Billon on renovation projects with a projected $430 Billion spent on remodeling and replacement by 2020. NAHB estimates that 10-12% of new homes will be “Green” (there’s that word again) by the end of 2010.
In McGraw Hill’s, Greening of Corporate America 2007 Report, they estimate by 2010, 80% of Corporate America is expected to be engaged in green at least 16% of the time and 20% engaged 60% of the time. With building construction and use consuming 40% of our primary energy use*, 72% of our electrical consumption* and 13.6% of our water consumption** the need for our attention and participation is becoming obvious.
We are a country of largesse. We have everything and what we don’t have we historically have gone out and taken it. We don’t worry about climate change or global warming because it didn’t come up while we showered this morning and had breakfast and drove our car to work. Environmental problems aren’t something we must deal with, until gasoline became $3.00 per gallon and we decide enough is enough.
You need to educate to create the incentive for green building. If people don’t understand it they aren’t going to do it. Too many people see green building as a premium, an extra, an added cost that won’t bring any payback, is too difficult or takes too much time or effort. The definition of intelligence is behavior modified by experience. We all need to experience the benefits of green building and sustainable practices before we will start acting more intelligently in our daily lives. Information isn’t enough, if it were, we would never see another person smoking.
So, to answer the question, where is green building going? I have to tell you about a vendor from Finland I met at the International Builders Show in Las Vegas. He had a method of creating pressure treated wood without any chemicals. I asked him if this process he had been doing for 80 years in Finland was part of their green building program. He looked at me with a confused expression and said, “Green building, what’s green building? In Finland we just call it “building”.” We need to go to the point where we just call it “building”.
*EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2008
**US Geological Survey 2000 data
I will be teaching four courses this Fall semester. The first is: Understanding Green Building Certifications, the second is: LEED Green Associate Core Concepts, the third is: Understanding a Sustainable Home and the fourth is: Green Finance. The description for each of these courses is listed below. If you have any questions about any course please don’t hesitate to contact me by commenting to this blog or by emailing me at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Understanding Green Building Certifications RE- CEU: 3, APP-CEU:3, ARCH-:3, LEED AP/GA:3
This course will provide any building, real estate or related industry professional, or any interested party, with an understanding of LEED, NAHB & EnergyStar building certifications, the measurements used to determine each certification, green washing, how to evaluate green benefits, tax incentives and green insurance. You will learn the difference between “being green” and sustainability and the difference between conventional and green building methods. This is a “green basics” course and anyone can benefit by getting a better understanding about sustainable. This course will include updated code change information as it applies to the 2009 IECC and 2009 IRC codes.
CRN: 5620 One Session Location: NCC campus- EForum Cost: $35.00
Date: Monday Sept. 30 Time: 6pm-9pm
CRN: 5619 One Session Location: Off Campus, First Presbyterian Church, New Canaan
Date: Oct. 7, 2013 Time: 6pm-9pm
(contact Norwalk Community College at 203-857-7237 to register or 203-857-7080 for questions or go to: www.ncc.commnet.edu and click on Extended Studies from the top menu bar for all courses)
LEED Green Associate- Core Concepts RE-CEU:6, APP-CEU: 18, ARCH-CEU: 6
This course provides an overview of sustainable building, including environmental imperatives driving the industry, the paradigm of integrated design, and the role of USGBC and the LEED Rating System. It explains the intent of each LEED Credit Category, identifying best practices, related key terms and concepts, regulation and incentives, and concepts in practice. This course will prepare you for taking the LEED Green Associate Examination and becoming nationally accredited as a LEED Green Associate, the first step in becoming a LEED Accredited Professional.
CRN 5676 5 sessions Norwalk East campus, RM E212
Time: 5pm-9pm Dates:9/9 /13 through 9/13/13 Cost: $395.00
This course consists of (5) five segments. A list of collateral material is available for free download to students at this blog. You should review two websites for more information concerning LEED accreditation: www.gbci.org and www.usgbc.org . This course will qualify you to sit for the LEED Green Associate exam.
Course segment schedule:
Segment One Overview of LEED, USGBC, GBCI and Sustainable Sites
Segment Two Water Efficiency and Materials & Resources
Segment Three Indoor Environmental Quality and Innovation in Design
Segment Four Energy and Atmosphere
Segment Five LEED App. process, Synergy, Green Building Benefits
Understanding a Sustainable Home RE-CEU: 6, APP-CEU: 12, ARCH-CEU: 6, LEED AP/GA: 6
This course is designed to explain the elements that comprise a sustainable home. This course explains how “Green Homes” incorporate multiple components that when integrated, make the entire building energy-efficient, resource efficient and minimizes environmental impact. Categories include: Energy, Water, Materials and Resources, Indoor Air Quality, Siting the home and landscaping, Green products, Understanding LEED, NAHB and EnergyStar. Key components of a green home will be covered in each segment. These will include methods and products that relate to each category. We will cover the 2009 IECC and 2009 IRC, both have the potential to change the face of real estate as we know it. Builders, architects, home owners, appraisers, brokers and salespeople, interior designers and any person with the desire to become familiar with the rapidly growing area of green homes would benefit from this course. Collateral material will be provided.
CRN 5722 3 Sessions Time: 5pm-9pm
Norwalk East Campus, Room E212
Dates: Sept. 17, 18, 19 2013 Cost: $175
Green Finance CEU pending RE, APP ARCH, LEED AP/GA: 3
Whether commercial or residential, funding for green measures is a main concern for owners.This course will cover government incentives, both state and federal, tax relief, and favorable renovation loans including 203k and 203h programs, plus many more. These programs can be complicated and difficult to find. We will examine the types of funding available, funding levels,and how, when and where to apply. Each student will be provided the tools to perform funding research and applications on their own. We will cover the new 2009 IRC adoption and the 2009 IECC codes.
This course is a must for any contractor, owner, broker, architect or lender who wants to learn how to be an advocate for their clients by understanding how funding works with green building and renovation. Everybody wants to do it, but nobody knows how to pay for it.
CRN 5401 One Session Cost: $50.00 Norwalk West Campus, RM W104
Date: Oct. 5, 2013 Time: 9am-12pm
HBRA of Fairfield County and Ring’s End Education Center Offers Sustainable Education Courses- Fall 2013
TO REGISTER FOR ANY OF THESE COURSES CLICK ON THE FOLLOWING LINK:
Ring’s End Eduction Center is located at: 160 Avon Street, Stratford, CT 06615
If you have any questions about the courses you can email your inquiries to: email@example.com
LEED Green Associate Core Concepts-Exam Preparation CEU credits: RE-6, APP-18, ARCH-6
This course provides an overview of sustainable building, including environmental imperatives driving the industry, the paradigm of integrated design, and the role of USGBC and the LEED Rating System. It explains the intent of each LEED Credit Category, identifying best practices, related key terms and concepts, regulation and incentives, and concepts in practice. This course will prepare and qualify you for taking the LEED Green Associate Examination to acheive national accreditation as a LEED Green Associate, the first step in becoming a LEED Accredited Professional.
A free download of material is available to all attendees, see blog (www.wsjenterprises.wordpress.com) for download information. Lunch will be provided along with morning coffee and rolls.
Classes will be held in five mandatory segments on the following dates:
October 21, 23, 25, 28, 30 Time: 9am-1pm 20 hrs. total Cost: $395
Segment One: Overview of LEED, USGBC, GBCI & Sustainable Sites
Segment Two: Water Efficiency and Materials & Resources
Segment Three: Indoor Environmental Quality
Segment Four: Energy and Atmosphere
Segment Five: LEED Application Process, Synergy, Integration of Green Building and Benefits
Understanding Green Building CEU credits: RE-3, APP-3, LEED AP/GA cmp, ARCH-3
This course will provide any HOMEOWNER, building, real estate, or related industry professional with an understanding of LEED, NAHB & Energy Star building certifications, the measurements used to determine each certification, and how to evaluate “green” benefits and tax incentives. You will learn the difference between “sustainability” and “being green” and receive an overview of conventional building methods versus green building methods and technology. We will cover the 2009 IECC and the soon to be adopted 2009 IRC code which have the potential to change the face of real estate.
Date: Saturday Oct. 19, 2013 Time: 9am-12pm Cost: $50
Green Finance CEU Pending for RE, APP LEED AP cmp and ARCH self-reporting available
Whether commercial or residential, funding for green measures is a main concern for owners.This course will cover government incentives, both state and federal, tax relief, and favorable renovation loans including 203k and 203h programs, plus many more. These programs can be complicated and difficult to find. We will examine the types of funding available, funding levels,and how, when and where to apply. This course will also explain the new CT State incentives and Energize CT program. Each student will be provided the tools to perform funding research and applications on their own.
This course is a must for any contractor, owner, broker, architect or lender who wants to learn how to be an advocate for their clients by understanding how funding works with green building and renovation. Everybody wants to do it, but nobody knows how to pay for it. We will cover the 2009 IECC and 2009 IRC codes.
Date: Saturday Nov. 2, 2013 Time: 9am-12pm Cost: $75
Understanding a Sustainable Home CEU credits: RE-6, APP-12, LEED AP/GA CMP
This course is designed to provide anyone with an interest in what comprises a sustainable home. This course explains how “Green Homes” incorporate multiple components that when integrated make the entire building energy efficient, resource efficient and minimizes environmental impact. The way a home is designed, constructed, and operated uses common sense design to create a holistic view of sustainable building. Key components of a green home will be covered in each segment and will include methods and products that relate to each category. We will cover the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code and the 2009 International Residential Code, both have the potential to change the face of real estate as we know it.
Builders, architects, home owners, appraisers, brokers and salespeople, interior designers and any person with the desire to become familiar with the rapidly growing area of green homes would benefit from this course.
Date: Oct. 8, 9, 10 Time: 5pm-9pm 12hrs. total Cost: $125
For students taking the LEED Green Associate course at Norwalk Community College, Middlesex Community College or at the Ring’s End Education Center a list of links to download collateral material for the course is attached.
You have two options:
Option One: Go to Fedex Office Print & Ship Center (Kinko’s), 777 Connecticut Avenue, Norwalk, CT 06854 Phone number: 203-299-1616, and request the collateral material under the name: William Janhonen. Request that they print out the pages of collateral material in B&W, double-sided and hole punched for you. Individuals attending outside the Norwalk/Fairfield County can contact the Kinko’s listed above to have the downloaded materials emailed to a Fedex/Kinko’s nearest to you.
Option Two: You can download the information direct from the websites and print out the pages yourself.
LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations (101 pages):
LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations checklist (1 page):
LEED Green Associate Handbook (29 pages):
Minimum Program Requirements (6 pages) : http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=6715
Any questions can be sent by commenting to this blog or by contacting me at: firstname.lastname@example.org .
In light of the recent announcement of Bank of America and President Obama to reduce principal on mortgage debt I thought I would re-publish my original blog from 2008 concerning this matter. It is also significant that I sent this open letter to the heads of the five major lenders in 2008 as well.
November 6, 2008
Re: mortgage rescue plan and foreclosure solution
Dear Lending Institutions;
In the recent election voters were polled prior to voting and asked what character qualities were first and foremost in determining their elected representatives. The top two choices were honesty and leadership. Those top two characteristics were named in another poll as most lacking in our current leaders. In the attached mortgage rescue plan a very simple process used very often in municipal loans can solve the mortgage crisis, bring an end to the foreclosure dilemma, and return trust to our banking institutions by providing honesty and leadership.
The outline of the plan is to announce publicly that all institutional home loans will be cut by a minimum of 10% immediately and the current payments will be recast reflecting the new principal. The percentage reduction amount will be put into a five-year subsidy or “set aside” mortgage. The benefit to homeowners will be stated in the subsidy mortgage that if the mortgagor makes every payment on the reduced principal first mortgage on time and without fail, each month for five years, then the subsidy mortgage will be forgiven in full.
This will create an incentive to reward good behavior instead of punishing bad behavior.
Liquidity to the bank will increase immediately and dramatically because all loans will be on time and in full. The lower payments reflected in the lowered principal will allow mortgagors previously relegated to the ranks of foreclosure to stay solvent and in their own home. This will promote honesty because the lower market value reflected in today’s home values is at least 10%, so by reducing the principal the bank is merely reflecting the actual market valuation on it’s secured collateral.
Imagine being the first lender to announce on public television to 300 million Americans a plan to cut it’s mortgage base because it wants to lead the way out of the crisis and promote an honest and value driven solution to homeowners problems. The public relations generated by the good will of the act will demand that other lenders follow suit.
And even if they didn’t, the financial direction of your institution will be secured by future Depositors.
The mechanics of the program are very simple since the existing loans could be modified internally without need for closings or title searches or additional fees. The subsidy mortgages could be handled individually with a last owner search and new note/mortgage combination recorded in bulk.
What about owners who sell their home prior to the 5 years? Both liens exist as recorded debts and become due. For each full year an individual has paid their mortgage payments on time they get one year off of the subsidy mortgage. If someone sells their house after year 3 is over they owe the balance on the principal loan and two-fifths of the remaining 5 year subsidy loan to be paid from proceeds at closing.
What about assignments of mortgage? Normally assignments of home loans don’t occur, but if they did, the assumption would require the hypothecation of both debts to the new lender.
What would be the result of an additional default by the borrower? Both the principal loan and the subsidy loan would cross default and subsequently become due and payable and a regular foreclosure would occur.
What about refinancing? Again, the debts are of record and they would reflect the loan to value debt underwritten by either the existing bank or any new lender.
The mechanics can be refined and the percentages can be adjusted to reflect actual reductions necessary to allow borrower’s to recast their payments depending on the reduction in market value by area or region. The principal is sound and often the simplest solutions are the best. I am a regular working guy who happens to have worked in the title insurance, mortgage, property management/development business for decades and I see the need for someone to take the leadership role with honesty and integrity to solve this ever-widening crisis. Imagine it could be you.
William S. Janhonen
USGBC 2008 Incentive Award winner for education was Ying Hua of Cornell University. My lecture to her class on “Understanding Green Building Certifications” last week went very well and I was amazed at how bright her students were and how eager they are to learn. I was welcomed warmly and can’t wait to continue with the next lecture.
During our class discussion of the current state of green building and the influx of tax incentives, both for green education and buildings, it has become apparent that green building really should be called common sense building. If the Cash for Clunkers program was such a success by giving away $4500 for you to spend $18,000 on a new car, imagine the success a program to give you a check for $1200 per year by spending $8000 on a new high-efficiency furnace would produce. Throw out that old boiler and water heater both and replace them with a new boiler and hot water storage only tank and save $100.00 per month in lower heating costs. That’s $1200 per year for approximately the next 22 years. Add new windows, insulation, sealing gaps and cracks in foundations and the building envelope and we start talking big money. And since money talks it becomes common sense to do those things that will not only save you money, but allow you to be more sustainable at the same time.
The key phrase is; You need to educate to create the incentive for green building! If people don’t understand it they aren’t going to do it. Too many people see green building as a premium, an extra, an added cost that won’t bring any payback, is too difficult, takes too much time and effort. The definition of intelligence is behavior modified by experience. We all need to experience the benefits before we will start to act more intelligently in our sustainable practices.
I welcome my recent LEED Green Associate course graduates to spread the word on green building benefits. The next semester class begins soon.